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League of Nations High Commissioner in Danzig
Contents:
On 30 September 1936, the League of Nations Council decided to appoint S. Lester as Deputy Secretary-General, in replacement of Pablo de Azcarate, although his appointment as High Commissioner in Danzig had been prolonged till October, 1937. S. Lester was to take up new responsibilities in February 1938. S. Lester's departure from Danzig caused consternation among the opponents of the Nazi regime, and satisfaction among the Nazis, who regarded S. Lester as an obstacle to the establishment of a totalitarian State in Danzig, it was mainly a victory for A. Forster, the Nazi district leader and A. Greiser, the President of the Danzig Senate. S. Lester succeeded P. Azcarate, who resigned the post of Under Secretary-General to become Spanish Ambassador in London. September 1936, S. Lester appointed League of Nations Under Secretary-General, a position previously held by Ascarati, of Spain. S. Lester's appointment will take effect when his successor in Danzig is announced. By the appointment S. Lester became the second highest official at Geneva and will be in charge whenever Joseph A.C. Avenol, Secretary-General, is absent. 5 October 1936: the Council considered the position of the High Commissioner in Danzig. The Council asked Poland to take up matter on their behalf, i.e. abandon all formal attempt to hold up Danzig Constitution. Poland did not act. Nazi Government liquidated opposition press, abolished opposition Parties, arrested or forced out opposition leaders. The Council reluctantly decided to maintain pretence (F. Walters) and to appoint a new High Commissioner in February 1937. S. Lester placed in a special envelope, marked "Secret-Private Diary" his notes and some letters-copies for a crucial period July-December 1936. This envelope was mislaid but found many years later, after the rest of his papers (perhaps in the early eighties). Its contents have now been incorporated in the general collection of S. Lester papers, chronologically.
 Sub-series Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
Enrico Giustiniani's Note on Polish School Children, and on A. Greiser's Speech on the "Landespolizei"
Contents:
Note from E. Giustiniani, an Italian, who was S. Lester's principal secretary, on Polish children refused at school; and on A. Greiser's speech explaining that the "Landespolizei" was a regular army at Danzig, speech that was the cause of the disagreement between the League of Nations and Danzig.
2/15/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to J. Avenol: the Constitution of the Free City of Danzig was a "Barrier" to National Socialist Policy
Contents:
President H. Rauschning and Vice-President A. Greiser emphasized, at the meeting celebrating the first year of office of the National Socialist Government, the fact that the Constitution was a "barrier" to the National Socialist Policy.
6/22/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Note on Prohibition of "Volkstimme", Petition, H. Rauschning's Action, Böttcher of the Senate, A. Greiser's Speech
Contents:
Decree from the Senate prohibiting the publication of the "Volkstimme", Socialist newspaper, for six months; petition presented by Prost and Werber not merely against the suppression of the paper, but also the validity of the law of June 1933; A. Greiser's speech saying he will muzzle the opposition press; three incidents of recent times affecting the existence of the opposition Parties: the press organs of two of them prohibited and the Communist Party abolished; President H. Rauschning informed S. Lester the suppression of the newspaper was not definitive; H. Rauschning willing to open negotiations with the Socialists; S. Lester's impression was that the suppression of the newspaper was unjustified according to the Constitution.
6/29/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to J. Avenol for His Personal Information Regarding the Effect of the Clean-up in the SA, H. Rauschning and A. Greiser, and the Possible Elections
Contents:
Reactions in Danzig further to the recent events in Germany, notably the clean-up in the SA: the more radical and intolerant wing was reduced in power and influence, President H. Rauschning strengthened in his position as representative of the more reasonable National Socialist policy, President of the Senate H. Rauschning was SA, whereas A. Greiser, Vice-President of the Senate, was SS, Gauleiter A. Forster swung more to the President's side, S. Lester's point of view was that President H. Rauschning was the best and most able member of the Party in power; guarantees requested by S. Lester in the event of a general election: complete secrecy and freedom of voting, freedom for the press, protection for the public and meetings of opposition parties during the campaign, etc.
7/13/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to J. Avenol Regarding the Conflict between H. Rauschning and A. Forster, and the Danzig Jews
Contents:
Three principal antagonists: H. Rauschning on the one side and A. Forster and A. Greiser (vice-president of the Senate) on the other, H. Rauschning's policy obstructed by A. Forster, A. Forster's threat to put H. Rauschning out of office, dismissal of Streiter, chief of the press bureau and politically attached to H. Rauschning; S. Lester refused, for different reasons, to receive the chief of an organization known as "Les délégations juives".
9/28/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to J. Avenol Regarding the Political Crisis in Danzig: Ultimatum from A. Greiser, Acting-President to H. Rauschning, President of the Danzig Senate
Contents:
Conflict between the Senate, President H. Rauschning, and the Party headed by A. Forster; A. Greiser presented, in Berlin, an ultimatum to H. Rauschning: to carry out five proposals from the National Socialist Party (A. Forster and A. Greiser) concerning mainly the prohibition of the opposition press, and the liquidation of all organizations of the opposition parties such as the "Sozialistischer Allgemeiner Arbeiterverband", etc. or to resign, H. Rauschning neither accepted the proposals nor resigned, he was willing to maintain the Constitution; S. Lester's intervention to A. Greiser, that denied the conflict between the Senate and the Party; issuing of a new newspaper, the "Danziger Tageblatt", denounced by A. Forster's "Vorposten", because the editor was a well-known German journalist, a supporter of Stresemann, who belonged to one of the non-Nazi parties; an alliance between H. Rauschning and the Zentrum not an unlikely possibility.
10/2/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to H. Rauschning, President of the Danzig Senate: Conflict between the Senate and the National Socialist Party, A. Forster's Position
Contents:
S. Lester denounced demands made upon the Danzig Government: the Greiser's five points, such as the suppression of the opposition newspapers, the dissolution of the opposition parties, the imprisonment of Catholic priests, etc. that might lead to flagrant violations of the Constitution of Danzig, which was guaranteed by the League of Nations; S. Lester reminded that A. Forster, member of the Reichstag was only the leader of the National Socialist movement in Danzig and did not exercise any influence upon the conduct of the Government, in spite of some speeches he made at meetings of officials of the State, and that the legal Government in Danzig was the Senate.
10/1/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to J. Avenol Enclosing a Copy of A. Greiser's Reply of 2 October 1934 to S. Lester on the Conflict Between the Senate and the National Socialist Party and on A. Forster's Demands: "the Five Points" Presented by A. Greiser
Contents:
Evasive answer from A. Greiser, Vice-President of the Danzig Senate, to S. Lester: A. Greiser, who was temporarily replacing president H. Rauschning, denied any quarrel existed between the Party and the Senate, he recalled the members of the Senate had taken an oath of loyalty to the Constitution, they will not break, and denied he or the Senate contemplated putting into force the policy outlined in A. Forster's demands, since he even denied any demand from A. Forster on the Senate.
10/6/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to J. Avenol on H. Rauschning Losing, A. Greiser reported to be his Successor, and the Increasing Difficulties about the Constitution
Contents:
Danzig events were against H. Rauschning's retention of the Senate presidency, A. Greiser, who was SS, was not a man of H. Rauschning's culture, incidents in his career made it difficult to have confidence in him, and if appointed he would be A. Forster's nominee; questions regarding the rights of the Catholic Youth or the Kulturkammer, etc., may affect articles in the Constitution.
10/8/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan

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