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League of Nations High Commissioner in Danzig
Contents:
On 30 September 1936, the League of Nations Council decided to appoint S. Lester as Deputy Secretary-General, in replacement of Pablo de Azcarate, although his appointment as High Commissioner in Danzig had been prolonged till October, 1937. S. Lester was to take up new responsibilities in February 1938. S. Lester's departure from Danzig caused consternation among the opponents of the Nazi regime, and satisfaction among the Nazis, who regarded S. Lester as an obstacle to the establishment of a totalitarian State in Danzig, it was mainly a victory for A. Forster, the Nazi district leader and A. Greiser, the President of the Danzig Senate. S. Lester succeeded P. Azcarate, who resigned the post of Under Secretary-General to become Spanish Ambassador in London. September 1936, S. Lester appointed League of Nations Under Secretary-General, a position previously held by Ascarati, of Spain. S. Lester's appointment will take effect when his successor in Danzig is announced. By the appointment S. Lester became the second highest official at Geneva and will be in charge whenever Joseph A.C. Avenol, Secretary-General, is absent. 5 October 1936: the Council considered the position of the High Commissioner in Danzig. The Council asked Poland to take up matter on their behalf, i.e. abandon all formal attempt to hold up Danzig Constitution. Poland did not act. Nazi Government liquidated opposition press, abolished opposition Parties, arrested or forced out opposition leaders. The Council reluctantly decided to maintain pretence (F. Walters) and to appoint a new High Commissioner in February 1937. S. Lester placed in a special envelope, marked "Secret-Private Diary" his notes and some letters-copies for a crucial period July-December 1936. This envelope was mislaid but found many years later, after the rest of his papers (perhaps in the early eighties). Its contents have now been incorporated in the general collection of S. Lester papers, chronologically.
 Sub-series Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
Press Cutting Titles from Various German Newspapers
Contents:
Extracts from the "Hamburgischer Correspondent" headed "Empfang Lesters in Danzig"; "Der Westen" (Berlin) entitled "Der neue Völkerbundskommissar in Danzig"; "Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" (Berlin) entitled "Dienstantritt Lesters in Danzig"; and "Forster Tageblatt" (Forst) entitled "Der neue Völkerbundskommissar" on S. Lester welcomed at Danzig and his new duties .
1/24/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
"Interview between President H. Rauschning and the Reporter of the Deutsche Zeitung" on the Danzig Nazi Party, its Leader "Gauleiter" Albert Forster and the Policy of the President of the Danzig Senate
Contents:
Press interview: further to an article published by the "Krakauer Illustrierte Kurier" of 24 January 1934, under the title "Mr. Forster must disappear from Danzig", the Danzig reporter of the "Deutsche Zeitung" asked President H. Rauschning to answer the three following questions: 1. Danzig's policy of peace 2. Measures concerning formation of prices 3. State and Party.
1/25/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
Letter from S. Lester to J. Avenol, Secretary-General, Enclosing Notes on Interviews with a Number of the Consuls in Danzig
Contents:
Interview with Koch, Danish Consul and Doyen of the Consular Corps, on Polish-German Treaty of friendship and H. Rauschning's weakened position vis-à-vis Albert Forster; conversation with Delfin, French Consul General, but not on the political situation in Danzig; interview with Valcke, Belgian Consul General on Polish restrictions on imports; interview with von Radowitz, German Consul General on Polish-German Treaty of friendship, protection of Europe essential in the future as a protection against the Soviet, and on H. Rauschning and A. Foster, S. Lester wanted to get information in case of rupture between these two men; interview with de Lieto, Italian Consul General, on Polish-German Treaty, Danzig-Poland economic situation and the fact that Danzig could not live without Poland.
1/30/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
Letter from S. Lester to J. Avenol, Secretary-General, Enclosing Notes on his Official Visit to Warsaw and Conversations in Danzig with Ferber, Prost of the Socialist Party and A. Forster
Contents:
About S. Lester's official visit to Warsaw 6-8 February 1934, where he met K. Papée, Polish Minister, Count Lubienski, Chief of the Danzig Section, Duiawdoski of the League of Nations Section and a number of other prominent officials, and where he had official talks with J. Beck, Foreign Minister, on the new Polish-German Treaty J. Beck concluded; with Zarzycki, Minister for Commerce and acting President of the Council, on the Polish interests in Danzig; and with Marshal Pilsudski, Minister for War, who was the real Governor of Poland, but did not occupy the position of Prime Minister, etc.; S. Lester's note on his talk with Ferber (5 February 1934) regarding the incidents with Nazi flag in Danzig for the anniversary of A. Hitler's accession to power in Germany and monarchist flag in the municipality of Zoppot, as well as the question of the Polish schools, the problem with the new regulation made by the Nazi organisation and the carrying of arms "long knives"; S. Lester's talk (6 February 1934) with Prost, one of the Danzig Social-Democrat Leader Party and editor at the "Volkstimme" on the freedom of press, petitions, Volkstag new elections; and S. Lester's interview (8 February 1934) with A. Forster, leader of the National Socialist Party in Danzig, personal representative of A. Hitler, on the Nazis and the Danzig Constitution.
2/9/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
J. Avenol's Letter to S. Lester to Acknowledge Receipt of S. Lester's Letter Dated 9 February
Contents:
Regarding S. Lester's notes on his official visit to Warsaw and the conversations he had in Danzig with Ferber, Prost and A. Forster.
2/20/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to J. Avenol for His Personal Information, Including a Confidential Note on the Tension Between H. Rauschning and Gauleiter Albert Forster
Contents:
S. Lester's note following his conversation with Ferber, who was not a member of the Nazi Party, on the position between H. Rauschning, President of the Danzig Senate, and A. Forster, leader of the Danzig Nazi Party: the split between them had developped and H. Rauschning's position with his party had weakened.
2/21/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to J. Avenol on H. Rauschning's Resignation, Gauleiter A. Forster, and Arbeitsfront
Contents:
Rumour about a possible resignation of H. Rauschning, President of the Danzig Senate; decision by A. Forster, leader of the Danzig Nazi Party, without consultation with the Government, to transform the Danziger Arbeitsfront by adding to it the Employers' organization.
2/22/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
S. Lester's Letter to L. Krabbe, League of Nations, Political Section: Misunderstanding Between H. Rauschning and A. Forster
Contents:
According to some Polish newspapers the misunderstanding was due to A. Forster's speech of 20 February about the foundation, without consultation with the Government, of the "Arbeitsfront", a kind of corporation divided into five groups: industrial, commercial and communications, artisan, agricultural and the professions, to which A. Forster added later the employers; possible resignation of H. Rauschning and his replacement by A. Forster as President of the Danzig Senate.
2/24/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan
L. Krabbe's Letter to S. Lester on Danzig, H. Rauschning and A. Forster
Contents:
Letter to acknowledge receipt, since all semi-official letters addressed to the Secretary-General went into L. Krabbe's hands, of S. Lester's last report on the political situation in Danzig and the relationships between H. Rauschning and A. Forster; L. Krabbe from the League of Nations Political Section was very busy with the Saar question.
3/7/1934Document Localizes the unit of description in the archive plan

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