Alfred Fried's Papers, 1878-1921 (Series)

Archive plan context

Information on identification

Title:Alfred Fried's Papers
Creation date(s):1878 - 1921
Creation date(s), scattered dates:to 1926
Creation date(s), remarks.:The correspondence of Therese Fried, the wife of A. H. Fried, is dated 1903-1926.

Information on extent

Archival Material Types:Paper File(s) / Document(s)
Extent:92 boxes
Running meters:8.00

Information on context

Name of the creator / provenance:Alfred Herrmann Fried (1864-1921).
Administration history:Together with Bertha von Suttner, A. H. Fried figures as the most outstanding personality of the Austrian and German peace-movement.
Born in Vienna in 1864 as a son of a merchant, A. H. Fried took up the profession of a bookseller and publisher. At the age of 18 he settled in Hamburg as an apprentice, and soon afterwards he moved to Berlin, where he lived until 1903. There, apart from his literary and journalistic activities - he wrote for a number of Viennese newspapers - he concentrated on his publishing firm, which he had established in 1887.
In 1899 Fried began with the editorship of the "Friedenswarte", the sole Geman-language peace journal whose articles ever found a wide international appreciation. At times, this periodical reached 10.000 subscriptions.
In 1903, Fried returned to Austria. In 1911, he was awarded, together with the Dutch international jurist Tobias A. C. Asser, with the Nobel Peace Price. The outbreak of the War in August 1914 compelled him to continue his efforts in a neutral country. he settled in Bern where - in cooperation with the International Peace Bureau - he edited the "Blätter für Internationale Verständigung und Zwischenstaatliche Organisation" (Papers for International Conciliation and Intergovernmental Organisation").
He returned to Vienna in 1920. Though still regarded as the most famous representative of the Peace Movement in Germany and in Austria he was not able to regain the undisputed position of the propagandist of peace which he had enjoyed during the two decades before the Great War. He died in May 1921.
Source of transfer:The Fried Papers where acquired by the League of Nations Library in 1931 from Mrs. Fried.

Information on content and structure

Contains also:The Fried Papers consist of a wide variety of documents relating to Fried's personal life and professional career.
Fried's private and professional correspondence has, with the exception of those letters received during the First World War, been almost completely preserved. It starts in 1880 with letters that Fried, while residing in Hamburg, received from his family and from friends, and it ends in 1921. The best documented periods are those from 1892 to 1914, and those from 1919 to 1921. Special mention must be made of the numerous letters, postcards, and billets addressed over 23 years by Bertha von Suttner to A. H. Fried. A like completeness cannot be stated as regards Fried's manuscripts of books, brochures, articles and speeches. The years 1892 to 1903 in particular are rather sparsely covered.

Conditions of access and use

Access regulations:Open to research.

Information on related materials

Originals (existence, storage location):The original materials originated during First World War period are today to be found in the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace at Stanford, California.


End of term of protection:12/31/1961
Permission required:None
Physical Usability:Without limits

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